There are some doubts about the year of Kanu Sanyal’s birth; according to some, it was 1928, while most others believe it was 1932. Sanyal was born in the Kurseong subdivision of Darjeeling district in North Bengal. He was the second-youngest of the seven children of Annada Govinda Sanyal, a clerk in the local court.He was Son of an active freedom fighter After completing his matriculation from the Kurseong ME School (later renamed the Pushparani Roy Memorial High School), he enrolled in the Jalpaiguri College in the science stream, which he did not complete. Subsequently, he took up a job as a clerk in the Kalimpong court; he was later transferred to the Siliguri court.He joined All Bengal Students Association affiliated to Anusilan group.Dropping out of college in 1937-38 he joined the Congress party and devoted himself in organising bidi workers.

In 1949, Sanyal was briefly jailed for waving a black flag at Bidhan Chandra Roy, the Congress Chief Minister of West Bengal, as a mark of protest against the banning of the Communist Party of India (CPI) in 1948. It was while in prison that he got acquainted with Charu Majumdar, who was a member of the CPI district secretariat. In 1952, Sanyal became a whole-timer of the CPI, and when the party split in 1964, he, along with Charu Majumdar, sided with the breakaway faction, the Communist Party of India (Marxist).He tied the nuptial knot with a fellow CPI member from Jalpaiguri – Lila Majumdar Sengupta in January 1954.

Soon after the CPI(M)’s formation, a section of leaders wanted the party to add armed revolution to its agenda following the example of China. The party leadership did not entirely dismiss the possibility of an armed uprising, and so there remained within it a space for the more radical members. Prominent among them were Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal.

In 1965, Kanu Sanyal was a member of the CPI(M)’s Darjeeling district committee. At that time ,Bhigul Kissan (a landless farmer , worked on the land of Iswar Tirkey) powerful landlord, was ousted from his land. He appealed to the Krishak Sabha, whose most prominent leader was Kanu Sanyal, to intervene on his behalf.That followed was a series of police raids that culminated in the police-peasant standoff at Boromaniram Jot in Naxalbari on May 24, in which Sonam Wangdo, a police officer, was killed by the peasants’ arrows. The next day, the police opened fire at a Krishak Sabha meeting in Prasad Jot in Naxalbari, and 11 people were killed, including seven women and two infants.

On June 27, 1967, the Naxalbari Krishak Sangram Sahayak Committee was set up. Giving a huge fillip to the movement was an editorial on July 5 in People’s Daily, the mouthpiece of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, which read: “A peal of spring thunder has crashed over the land of India. Revolutionary peasants in the Darjeeling area have risen in rebellion.Then Kanu Sanyal,Charu Majumdar & General Santhal were resigned from CPM In November & they formed the CPI-M ( All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries ) .In the monsoon of 1968, Kanu Sanyal led a team of five revolutionaries to a trip to China where they received a warm welcome. It is believed that in their two-and-a-half month stay in China they even took military training.At an extended meeting held from April 19 to 22 in 1969, the AICCR decided to form a new party called the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist). Charu Majumdar hailed the event as the beginning of a “war of annihilation”.

On May 1, Kanu Sanyal announced the establishment of the new party at a gathering on the Sahid Minar grounds in Kolkata. In March the following year, the CPI(M-L) State committee was established, and in May, the first party congress took place in which Charu Majumdar’s line of khatam – annihilation of class enemies – was endorsed unanimously. The state government’s Home Ministry headed by the CPI (M) leader Jyoti Basu brutally suppressed this movement by killing 11 women and 2 children.  Kanu Sanyal, however, remained firmly behind Charu Majumdar’s policies.Following the congress of the CPI(M-L) in May, one of its leaders Souren Bose had gone to China with the party documents. This time, however, the Communist Party of China was strongly critical of the CPI(M-L)’s activities, and rejected the latter’s claim that “China’s Chairman is our Chairman”.

On 25th may,1967 the Naxal Movement was started from Naxalbari area of West Bengal.  But the ideology of “naxalism” not only survived but also spread in the upsurge of naxalism, comrades from Tamil Nadu, Kerala, UP, Bihar, Karnataka, Orissa and West Bengal set up All India Coordination Committee of Revolutionaries (AICCR) in CPI (M) on Nov 12-13, 1967 Souren Bose discussed the issue with him after Charu Majumdar’s death, when they were imprisoned together in the Srikakulam conspiracy case in Andhra Pradesh. “Many of Charu Majumdar’s followers will, however, deny that this ever took place. They will argue that if it did indeed take place, then why did Charu Majumdar not talk about it,” the old naxal leader said.Kanu Sanyal fully endorsed this view in his “Terai Report (1968)”, and on no occasion did he publicly disagree with Majumdar over this issue.  In the early hours of 5th August, 1971, comrade Saroj Dutta was brutally murdered by the police at the Aryan Club ground.Charu Majumdar was arrested from a Calcutta hideout on July 16, 1972, due to the betrayal of the then PCS of CPI (ML), Bengal Unit, Dipak Biswas.He was encountered by police at 4 am on July 28, 1972. Government sent Kanu sanyal to Vishakapatnam Jail. He did, however, come out with a paper in 1973 from prison called “More about Naxalbari”, in which his reservations against many of Majumdar’s views came to light.

In 1977, after the Left Front assumed power in West Bengal, Chief Minister Jyoti Basu took the initiative to have Sanyal, who was serving a sentence for his involvement in the Srikakulam case, released from prison. Even when he was in prison, Sanyal was getting increasingly critical of the CPI(M-L) and its activities; and after his release, he openly denounced his party.

Kanu Sanyal tied up with Ashim Chatterjee and Asit Sinha to form the Organisation of Communist Committee of Revolutionaries. Later in 1984, he formed the Organisation Committee of India (Marxist-Leninist). Then, finally in the early 1990s, he set up another organisation – called the CPI(M-L) ironically; a name he had rejected a decade earlier – but subsequently moved away from it in around 2000.

But the person who started this movement sucide on 23 March,2010 in siliguri because politicians ( CPM,Trinmool Congress & Congress) have politiced & criminalized this movement.

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