INDIA WILL BE NEW DISEASE CAPITAL
Nearly 3,00,000 Indians die every year due to inadequate health care facilities and 80,00,000 have no access to specialist care as 80% of specialists live in urban areas. India totals one-third of the world’s TB cases. And is one of the four countries worldwide along with Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan where polio has not been eradicated. Diabetes patients are more than 10 crore in India and cardio-vascular illnesses are also rising. In India 70,000 mother die per year due to Pregnancy & diseases. And those who survive are underweight. Said a World Health Organization (WHO) official, “If a child doesn’t die within five years of birth due to mal-nutrition and diarrhea, acute respiratory infection will get him later.” Adding, over 900,000 Indians die every year from drinking contaminated water and breathing polluted air.Malaria kills nearly 2,00,000 people in India every year , including 80,000 children below the age of 15 years, according to a new study published in reputed medical journal The Lancet.The Lancet report says that 90 per cent of the deaths were recorded in rural areas, of which 86 per cent occurred at home without any medical attention.Also dengue kills near 10,000 peoples every year.
Adding to woes, there is a huge gap in the number of hospital beds per 1000 population. With a world average of 3.96 hospital beds per 1000 population India stands just a little over 0.7 hospital beds per 1000 population. Moreover, there is a chronic shortage of doctors, nurses and paramedics. Similarly, life expectancy at birth of 63 years in India compares favourably only with that of 63 in Nepal. Again, it is a far cry from Sri Lanka’s 75.According to a recent survey, the number of licensed medical practitioners per 10,000 individuals had fallen by the late 1980s to three per 10,000 from the 1981 level of four per 10,000. In 1991 there were approximately 10 hospital beds per 10,000 individuals. In comparison China boasts of 1.4 doctors per 1000 people. And over 40% of the primary health centers are understaffed.But government record shows only 15,000 people because 90% of people are living in rural & tribal areas .They depend on traditional ayurvedic treatment. They have no access to hospitals.
24 Lakh HIV patients in India, 1.2 lakh infected in 2009, India is 3rd in world after South Africa & Nigeria, Only 3 Lakh HIV patients in India have access to medicine.
Sadly,Government which promised to raise expenditure on healthcare to 2 to 3% of the Gross Domestic Product miserably failed. According to recently released National Health Accounts (NHA) statistics, public health expenditure as a share of the GDP increased from 0.96 per cent in 2004-05 to just 1.01 per cent in 2008-09. Of this, over 80% is in the private sector, contrary to developed societies where nearly 90% of health expenditure is borne by the Government.India would need over $25 billion over the next 5 years in health alone.The country has frittered over Rs 70,000 crore on the 14-day commonwealth games, lost over Rs 60,000 in the 2G spectrum scam, spent $2.1 billion on Delhi’s new airport terminal,written-off over $107 billion of the super-rich and boasts of over 50 billionaires in the Forbes list. Yet, has no funds for the sick, diseased and hungry. Notwithstanding that India ranks 66 among 88 in the Global Hunger Index and 134 in the UN Human Development Index below tiny Bhutan and Laos.
State government is also doing politics. For flood,landslide,cyclone & drought government is spending money only in paper & his own party account.