ILLITERACY- 40% INDIANS CANN`T WRITE THEIR NAMES
It is very hard to digest that the land of the Vedas, 5000 years old culture, is one of the countries with the highest illiteracy levels and shows the inability of our government to utilize programs like “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan” and “National Literacy Mission”. Even countries like Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand and the like have achieved, in lesser time, a much better percentage of literacy.
Aryabhatta (Indian) was the scientist who invented the digit zero.Sanskrit is considered as the mother of all higher languages. It is suitable language for computer software. ( a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987 ). Chess was invented in India. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies which originated in India. The’ place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in 100 BC in India. Quadratic equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 ( i.e 10 to the power of 53 ) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10*12( 10 to the power of 12 ). The discovery of urban settlements of Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicates the existence of civil engineering and architectue, which blossomed to a highly precise science and found expression in innumerable monuments. Ancient India’s contributions to astronomy that has been dated to 1350 BC, was written by Lagadha.
A person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with any understanding in any language, is treated as literate.But the truth is only 40 % students are studing after class 10. And only 20 % students are studing after class 12 & only 1 % students are taking advantage of higher education.The overall literacy rate of India is 60 %. The difference between the highest and the lowest literacy rate in India is very high. Kerala has the highest literacy rate which is 90 %, while Bihar has the lowest with 47 %.
Britain has launched an inquiry into reports that millions of pounds of aid for education and the ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’, has disappeared into the depths of corruption without any benefit to the poor children the aid was intended for.Government is not concerned on education system in India. Students from non-English medium are hardly going for higher education because they don`t english, even a graduate from non-english medium are hardly getting any clerk level job.
According to the latest survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in June 2008, the literacy rate among the population with age 7 and above was 72% whereas the adult population (age 15 and above) had a literacy rate of 66%.Although this was a greater than fivefold improvement, the level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%. According to UNESCO in 2010 –35% of world’s illiterate population (28.3 Crore ) is Indian. .India may account for a majority of the world’s illiterates by 2020.
Illiteracy in India is characterized by wide gaps between the urban and rural populations. The rural population depends mainly on agriculture and the rate of illiteracy is high, while the urban population is more of the ‘employee class’ and also more educated. Even amongst the male and female population, there is a wide disparity in literacy. The male literacy rate is 75.96% and female literacy rate is 54.28%. The social system in India promotes education for the male gender while the female population, especially in the deep interiors of the country, is kept away from schools.
The Supreme Court in its 1993 ruling held that children had a fundamental right to free education. Ex – President A.P.J Abdul Kalam gave his assent to the Constitution (83rd Amendment) Bill, 2000, and the “right to education” was incorporated in the Constitution as a fundamental right. The country had failed to implement the provisions of Article 45, providing for compulsory and free education of children up to 14 years of age within 10 years from the commencement of the Constitution.
Per Capita student capital expenditure of private university is Rs-1,25,000
Present formal Higher education enrollment – 13.6 million
Expected formal Higher education enrollment – 21.2 million
This would require capital investment of 21 billion dollar (94,600 crore)
India spends 3.7% of GDP to education, but 0.66% on higher education, which is less than Africa.
China has 900 universities, whereas India has 363 universities.Functional literacy is 93 per cent in China, whereas it is 33 per cent (66 per cent as per government of India) in India. Hong Kong has three, ranked at 24, 35 and 46; Singapore two ranked at 30 and 73; South Korea two ranked at 47 and 69 and Taiwan one in the 95th position. Notably, China’s Tsinghua University and Peking University are ranked at 49 and 52 respectively. There is no Indian university in the rankings from 100 to 200. It is only when one moves on to the next 100 that we find the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur at 237; IIT Madras at 284 and the University of Delhi at 291.India lacks the critical mass in higher education. Its gross enrolment ratio is a mere 11 per cent compared to China’s 20 per cent, the USA’s 83 per cent and South Korea’s 91 per cent.
India`s education is developing but at a very slow rate, this is the fault of a corrupt government. Literacy enables a person to think rationally, to be understanding, to be more responsible and to make his/her own decisions. A literate person is aware of all his fundamental rights and duties. Literacy is the ultimate solution to fight problems like communalism, terrorism and under development. Our government is of the people, for the people and by the people, but what is the use if people can not even make the right choice?