India has unofficially become the world’s child death capital, with a study claiming that
over 5,000 children die in the country in a year and every 20 seconds the country loses one child under five years of age which is “totally preventable causes”

.It is believed that other easy measures could prevent 90% of diarrhea deaths, 62% of  pneumonia deaths, 100% measles deaths 92% malaria deaths, 44% HIV/AIDS deaths and 52%  neonatal fatalities. Proven strategies and interventions such as keeping the newborn baby  sufficiently warm, neonatal resuscitation, micronutrient supplements such as vitamin A and  zinc and antibiotics for sepsis, pneumonia and dysentery are expected to be discussed.  Various impediments that still pose a challenge to such simple interventions will be  identified and solutions explored.

According to the study, Child Health Now, by the NGO World Vision, India accounts for the  highest number of child deaths (under five years of age) in the world at 1.95 million per  year.India is responsible for 25 percent of the world’s child deaths.India along with  Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo cause 40 per cent of the total child deaths in  the world.
Orissa have a high infant mortality rate of 10 %.In Bihar, less than one-third infants are breast-fed and 50 per cent of children are stunted because of malnutrition. The state has a  infant mortality rate of 85 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The sad reality is that the total health budget remains as low as 2.3 per cent of the Union Budget, the country loses one child under five years of age.”I dare say up to 90 per cent deaths are preventable, with known preventions. These can be prevented by having adequate  care at the right moment, for the mother during delivery and for the newborn in the first  weeks of life,” says Dr H Hombergh of the UNICEF.The biggest culprit for child death is neo  natal mortality followed by Acute respiratory infections that cause 45 percent and 19  percent deaths respectively.

In past three decades 50 thousand children lost lives in eastern Uttar Pradesh only.
The head of microbiology in Armed forces medical college Karnal Anant Subrahmaniam Nagendra is always alert of the danger of  Bio terrorism. Today in our country there are only two laboratories. Till now central government has made no such scheme that could fight  symbiotic bacteria,chemical  radiothermi and nuclear terrorism.The terrorist group Al Queda is busy in collecting  biological weapons after saddam Hussain.Health defence experts  have the information that  apart from Atlanta’ disease control prevention  Siberia’s Novosibersk  situated state research  centre of virology and biotechnology has bacteria of small pox. The then soviet union  has developed bacteria of small pox  for of biological weapon.

It has also urged the government to revamp the National Rural Health Mission and widen the  focus of the Integrated Child Development Scheme to less than three-year-olds.

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